The irretrievable loss of the order due to various reasons is a problem that cannot be solved with preparations for growth. In such a situation only hair transplantation will help. This is a necessary procedure for those who feel discomfort with baldness. As a rule, women are most under the stress of baldness, while the man can afford to just shave his head bald.

Causes of hair loss


Hair transplantation is usually required by people who are faced with the following complications:

hair grows unnaturally high, which leads to the formation of bald patches that look unattractive;


scars on the head, leading to loss of strands in the places of their formation;
androgenic alopecia associated with hormonal disorders.
As a rule, in these situations, the means for activating the growth of hairs do not help. If there is no improvement in eliminating the causes of loss, then the only possibility remains – hair transplantation. Most of all about this experience, of course, women, because the hair – it’s part of the image and create a beautiful image.

Hair sources for transplantation


When the need for transplantation arises, patients are usually interested in where to take the curls for this procedure. In fact, such an operation involves the replanting of live follicles in a place where there are no such follicles. Accordingly, it is necessary to take not whole strands or hair per se, but the roots. Take them in the following places:

on the part of the head where the hairs grow normally, but this can be done only if baldness is insignificant, because you cannot transplant one half of the head of hair instead of the other;


in other areas of the body: this method of obtaining live follicles is called Body Hair Transplantation.


donor follicles are used when the patient no longer has the necessary amount of viable material.


Accordingly, hair transplantation necessarily implies an initial assessment of the presence of viable root follicles. Only after this is it possible to determine the place from which the material for the operation can be taken.

Transplant technology


Generally, hair transplant methods can be grouped into two categories:

surgical interventions, also called sutures;
non-surgical technique – seamless hair transplant.
Operating methods

Obviously, these methods use surgical instruments, which leads to a certain extent to injury to the tissues on the head.

Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT) is the very first method of follicle transplantation. Of all existing today, this method is considered the most traumatic and quite painful. Such a hair transplant surgery involves the introduction of whole pieces of skin on the bald areas together with the follicles. A long and unpleasant procedure takes place as follows:

first of all, the flap is removed for transplantation, its dimensions usually reach 3×10 cm;
this piece of skin is divided into the smallest grafts under a microscope;
then prepare the scalp; for this, a multitude of holes-cuts are made, in each of which prepared grafts are placed.
Similar procedures are performed exclusively with local or general anesthesia.

Of course, this is not the best method, as it has certain effects of hair transplantation. It:

risk of infection;


long recovery period;


in the place where follicles are taken for transplantation, a scar is formed;
despite the use of anesthesia, painful sensations persist for almost the entire recovery period;
the second procedure is carried out no earlier than six months, and it is not recommended to perform more than 3 such operations in a lifetime.

STRIP is another operational method in which hair transplantation involves the removal of a flap in the form of a 20×2 cm tape (no more than 25×3 cm). If you watch a video on the application of this method, you will see that it is as traumatic as FUT. According to reviews, a scar is formed, in addition, pain persists for a long time. Another disadvantage of this type of surgery is the loss of follicles when dividing the skin tape into grafts.

The duration of the recovery and recommendations for re-hair transplantation for women are all similar to the previous method.

Seamless ways

Seamless hair transplantation includes two methods that are designed to reduce pain, rehabilitation after transplantation and the invasiveness of the procedure.

FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction) – this method is performed as follows.

To remove follicles, a special tool is used – punch. With the help of a rotating piercer, the hair root is removed from the scalp.
In the place of transplantation cuts are made. A less traumatic way is to pierce the skin.


Follicles are inserted into the holes.
Such an operation is considered quite effective, although the loss of viable roots is still present, because their removal takes place at random. The advantages of the procedure include:

shorter recovery period (up to 1.5 months);
less significant scarring;
less painful.
The cost of this method, of course, higher operating methods.

HFE (Hand follicul extraction) is the most modern method, which involves manual work. In this case, hair transplant occurs like this.

A hand tool doctor extracts follicles. As a rule, hollow needles are used.
Immediately the surgeon puts grafts in a place where the hair falls out. Specifically, no holes are made, since the instrument that extracted the follicles is suitable for introducing them under the skin to a certain depth.
Patient reviews indicate that the recovery period is reduced to a couple of weeks. HFE – the only way to get quite a thick hair, which is especially important for women. The thicker the curls need, the more expensive this hair transplant will cost.

Contraindications


Like any other operation, hair transplantation has its own contraindications. Among those:

poor blood clotting rates;
diabetes;
lupus;
vasculitis;
a number of problems of the nervous system;
skin diseases.


Any chronic diseases, as well as their exacerbation, is a reason for a serious examination before carrying out such a procedure. The absence of contraindications will allow the transplantation to be performed by a suitable method.

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